Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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   2008| January-April  | Volume 12 | Issue 1  
    Online since November 15, 2008

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Comparitive effects of tetracyclines and citric acid on dentin root surface of periodontally involved human teeth: A scanning electron microscope study
Bhavya Shetty, Ashwini Dinesh, Hema Seshan
January-April 2008, 12(1):8-15
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44090  PMID:20142937
Periodontal diseases produce physical and chemical alterations in the root cementum. Various topical applications as root conditioning agents have been recommended as an adjunct to mechanical root surface debridement to remove smear layer, endotoxins and to expose collagen fibers on dentin surface. The objectives were to compare dentin surface changes following applications of tetracyclines and citric acid to the instrumented root surface of periodontally involved human teeth under scanning electron microscope. The study group comprised of 80 dentin samples, which were prepared from periodontally-compromised teeth, planned for extraction. Diseased surfaces were root planed. The teeth were sectioned and solutions of tetracycline HCl, minocycline, doxycycline and citric acid were applied to the surfaces with cotton pellets for 5minutes.The root surface samples were then examined by scanning electron microscope. Removal of smear layer in all the four groups was near total except a few areas. All four groups showed slight difference in mean number of total dentinal tubules. Minocycline and doxycycline showed no significant difference. The proportion of patent dentinal tubules was (74%) in tetracycline HCl group compared to minocycline (48.3%), doxycycline 42%), citric acid (52%), showing the differences statistically significant. Tetracycline group showed higher number of patent tubules when compared to minocycline, doxycycline and the difference was statistically significant. Results of this study suggest that tetracycline is the best current tetracycline form for root surface conditioning as measured by its ability to affect both dentin smear layer removal and tubule exposure.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  12 3,975 789
Use of fibrin glue in periodontal flap surgery
Bimal Jathal, Anal Trivedi, Neeta Bhavsar
January-April 2008, 12(1):21-25
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44094  PMID:20142939
In the changing era of perio surgeries one innovative remedy has ended the inconvenience of suturing and has allowed the clinician to meet growing expectations and demands of today's dental patient, and the remedy is fibrin glue. When periodontal plastic surgical procedures done or implants placed in esthetic zone, fibrin sealants may be variable alternative to closing flaps with sutures and with histologic benefits and has potential uses in field of medicine. Fibrin sealant is an excellent beginner in the era of sutureless periodontal flap surgery, and this article is a humble effort to prove it.
  7 5,263 1,528
Periodontal considerations for Glanzmann's thrombasthenic patient
Umesh Yadalam, K Kranti, Hema Seshan
January-April 2008, 12(1):26-27
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44095  PMID:20142940
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) was reported and described as a bleeding diathesis seen in children and characterized by diminished clot retraction. The disorder is caused by a deficiency in the platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex, with bleeding due to defective platelet hemostatic plug formation. The recurrent features of GT include purpura, epistaxis, gingival hemorrhage, and menorrhagia. GT being an autosomal recessive trait is reported to be especially prevalent in populations where intermarriage is common. Typically, the patients are diagnosed in infancy within the age of five. Though no differences appear to occur based on sex men more frequently present with gingival bleeding. We report the case of a female patient with GT who presented with the chief complaint of gingival bleeding. The patient was given periodontal treatment under platelet transfusion followed by proper oral hygiene instructions. The report discusses periodontal consideration for GT patients.
  3 2,245 424
Comparative analysis of GCF β-glucuronidase level in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic periodontitis: A clinicobiochemical study
Aarti Chowdhary, GV Gayathri, Dhoom Singh Mehta
January-April 2008, 12(1):16-20
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44092  PMID:20142938
Recent evidences prove that, release of potent lysosomal enzymes e.g. β -Glucuronidase by degranulation of polymorponuclear leukocytes in host gingiva may contribute significantly to tissue destruction and the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. The purpose of the present study was to compare and correlate GCF β -Glucuronidase with periodontal status among diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic periodontitis. A total number of 75 patients were equally divided into Group I (control group), Group II (non diabetic with chronic periodontitis) and Group III (diabetic with chronic periodontitis). Clinical parameters like Plaque index, Gingival index, Probing Pocket Depth and RBS were recorded. The β -Glucuronidase level in GCF of all three groups was determined by spectrophotometric analysis. It was observed that the periodontitis patients irrespective of their diabetic status, showed increased periodontal destruction with elevated level of β -Glucuronidase than the controls. Also, the diabetic patients showed increased severity of periodontal destruction and the elevated level of β -Glucuronidase, thus indicating diabetics at a higher risk for progressive periodontal destruction.
  3 3,369 520
Perception of general dental practitioners toward periodontal treatment: A survey
Amita Mali, Rohini Mali, Hardik Mehta
January-April 2008, 12(1):4-7
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44086  PMID:20142936
Periodontology is a fast evolving field where newer insights into existing concepts are changing the face of the traditional periodontal treatment. Constant research is taking place so as to develop a number of newer avenues in the treatment of the periodontal diseases. However, the protocol of management of periodontal diseases in the setup of general dental practice has undergone little change over the last decade. So, a survey was carried out among 100 general dental practitioners by means of a questionnaire to identify the current status of periodontal treatment in dental clinics, the protocol of maintenance therapy, and the general awareness of the dental profession toward periodontal care.
  2 4,320 878
About the journal
D Arunachalam
January-April 2008, 12(1):1-1
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44083  PMID:20142934
  - 1,558 308
Congratulations to the new editor
Praveen B Kudva
January-April 2008, 12(1):2-2
  - 1,230 190
Welcome note
MM Dayakar
January-April 2008, 12(1):3-3
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.44085  PMID:20142935
  - 1,736 256