Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 369--374

Effectiveness of fluoride varnish, diode laser, and their combination in treatment of dentin hypersensitivity: A randomized split-mouth clinical trial


Akanksha Jain1, Jyoti Rao1, Neha Pal1, Alok Singh2 
1 Department of Periodontics, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim, Goa, India
2 Department of Oral Surgery, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Akanksha Jain
Department of Periodontics, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Opposite Goa Medical College and Hospital, Rajiv Gandhi Complex, Bambolim - 403 202, Goa
India

Background: Dentin hypersensitivity is a common dental problem with no permanent cure and predictable prognosis. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of fluoride varnish (sodium fluoride [NaF]), diode laser, and the combination of NaF and diode laser in the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity. Settings and Design: This was a randomized split-mouth clinical trial. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients aged 20–60 years suffering from dentin hypersensitivity to air-blast, cold, and tactile stimulation corresponding to 4 cm and above on the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in three quadrants with at least two hypersensitive teeth per quadrant were selected. Hypersensitive teeth were allotted to Group 1 – 5% NaF varnish application alone, Group 2 – 810-nm gallium–aluminum–arsenide laser (GaAlAs) diode laser (0.5 W) irradiation alone, and Group 3 – NaF varnish application, followed by diode laser irradiation. VAS score was recorded at baseline, 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. Results: A statistically significant reduction in dentin hypersensitivity was observed in all the three groups, from the baseline to the 1st-, 3rd-, and 6th-month follow-ups (P < 0.05). Group 2 and Group 3 demonstrated a significantly higher reduction (P < 0.05) in dentin hypersensitivity for all the stimuli as opposed to Group 1 at all follow-up intervals. However, no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) was present between Group 2 and Group 3 at all follow-ups. Conclusion: Diode laser is significantly more effective than fluoride varnish alone in the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity over a period of 6 months.


How to cite this article:
Jain A, Rao J, Pal N, Singh A. Effectiveness of fluoride varnish, diode laser, and their combination in treatment of dentin hypersensitivity: A randomized split-mouth clinical trial.J Indian Soc Periodontol 2020;24:369-374


How to cite this URL:
Jain A, Rao J, Pal N, Singh A. Effectiveness of fluoride varnish, diode laser, and their combination in treatment of dentin hypersensitivity: A randomized split-mouth clinical trial. J Indian Soc Periodontol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Sep 16 ];24:369-374
Available from: https://www.jisponline.com/article.asp?issn=0972-124X;year=2020;volume=24;issue=4;spage=369;epage=374;aulast=Jain;type=0