Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 284-288

Periodontal management of severe periodontitis and generalized gingival enlargement in a patient with chronic renal failure

Department of Periodontics, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College, Faculty of Medicine, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jaiti Uppal
Department of Periodontics, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh - 202 002, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_194_19

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Gingival enlargement is a common periodontal pathology seen in medically compromised patients. Although it is not the disease itself, certain medications used to treat these chronic diseases are known to precipitate the gingival enlargement. Periodontitis (PD) and gingival enlargement have been reported increasingly in patients with chronic renal failure. Severe enlargement is detrimental to esthetics and function while having a negative impact on the overall oral health-related quality of life. Treatment of such cases requires comprehensive periodontal management by a specialist, keeping in mind the medically compromised state of the patient. This report presents a case of severe PD with generalized gingival enlargement in a 45-year-old male who was a known case of Stage 4 chronic kidney disease, obstructive uropathy, and hypertension. Gingival enlargement was managed by gingivectomy and gingivoplasty. Six months' follow-up showed no sign of recurrence.

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