Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 194-195  

Periodontal disease prevalence: Right time to address the challenges

Secretary, Indian Society of Periodontology, Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication8-Jun-2018

Correspondence Address:
Abhay Kolte
Secretary, Indian Society of Periodontology, Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_360_18

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How to cite this article:
Kolte A. Periodontal disease prevalence: Right time to address the challenges. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2018;22:194-5

How to cite this URL:
Kolte A. Periodontal disease prevalence: Right time to address the challenges. J Indian Soc Periodontol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Aug 12];22:194-5. Available from:

Dear Friends,

The emerging census statistics of our country shows a total populace of over 1.2 billion people which accounts to being the second most populous country in the world. Even though it comprises of an aggregation of cultural, ethnic and demographic heterogenous behaviours there is an appreciable blending of cultural, ethnic and geographic factors which has been demonstrated amongst them. Also, the distinction in socioeconomic status prevalent amidst the general public constitutes an entirely divergent stratum of healthcare exposure. Oral and periodontal diseases are some of the frequently occurring non-communicable diseases and are substantial elements of the global burden of disease. However, it is good to note that all these diseases are preventable, if proper education and measures are adopted by the individuals from time to time.

Knowing the prevalence of periodontal disease is worthwhile for not only assessing the magnitude of the disease, describing the advancement of the condition, identifying the potential causative factors of the disease but also for the planning of national or regional oral health promotion programs. It also enables us to plan interventions in the affected individuals, so as to improve the quality of life for such individuals. Unfortunately, there have been very few prevalence studies conducted in our country to assess the oral and periodontal health care burden. Literature search revealed that only two notable studies in general population have been carried out till date the first being the National Oral Health Survey and Fluoride Mapping conducted by the Dental Council of India and the second being the multicentric study, carried out under the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; and WHO joint project. Apart from these studies several of the other studies were conducted in different regions with some of them being hospital-based studies. All of the studies indicate a high prevalence of periodontal diseases with almost over 70% of the population being affected with some or the other periodontal disease.

There are quite a few limitations about the reports till date with some of the studies assessing the periodontal health status using CPI or CPITN index as a measure to screen the oral health status of the study population. It was however felt that the use of CPITN for population screening has limitations to scrutinise individuals as a case definition for periodontitis. In addition to this, some of the studies have been done in a particular area or region which cannot be considered to be a representative data. Under such circumstances, considering such a high prevalence of periodontal diseases it is the right time for the ISP to collaborate with some agency and venture into studying the prevalence of periodontal diseases in our country. It seems to be more appropriate that there should be a universal illustrative survey of all the districts in our country to examine the exact prevalence of periodontal diseases. The recognition of the disease burden will help to rationally employ the sparse resources available for periodontal health.

Moreover, periodontal disease and tooth loss are thought to be associated with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory conditions, and many more to mention. With the growing incidence of these diseases all over the world it may therefore have a negative impact on oral health especially when it has been identified that there are a lot of common modifiable risk factors for these conditions and the periodontal diseases.

So, we have initiated the process and discussions with governmental agencies and some of the industry partners in terms of collaborations. I am aware that such an exercise of this magnitude is going to take time, but I am hopeful that it will materialise sooner than later. Once the preliminary things are worked out we all will have to put in our scientific and clinical inputs to chalk out the strategy in details and ensure that we achieve the desired results.

Our small and positive initiative and effort in this direction will ensure an overall good health of the society in times to come.

ISPecially Yours


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