|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 2-3
"The era of prevention:" Prevention is better than cure
Praveen Bhasker Kudva
President, Indian Society of Periodontology Professor and Head, Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Jaipur Dental College, MVG University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
|Date of Web Publication||25-Feb-2016|
Praveen Bhasker Kudva
President, Indian Society of Periodontology Professor and Head, Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Jaipur Dental College, MVG University, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Kudva PB. "The era of prevention:" Prevention is better than cure. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2016;20:2-3
India is considered as one of the fastest growing economy globally. It's also heartening that the average life expectancy in India has increased over the years. The irony is that we lack an oral health policy and expenditure towards prevention of oral diseases is negligible.
The incidence and prevalence of periodontal diseases in India is considerably high leaving a large portion of the population with a compromised quality of life.
In recent years significant focus has been towards oral-systemic disease link. Chronic diseases such as cardiac diseases, stroke, cancer, diabetes, arthritis, respiratory disease as well as oral diseases need to be addressed on a large scale., Water fluoridation and regular use of fluoridated toothpastes has helped in preventing fluorosis and caries respectively. Unfortunately periodontal diseases prevention strategies have never been defined at a national level.
The need of the hour is specific strategic preventive programs for all chronic diseases be it oral or systemic in nature. Hence effectively managing escalating healthcare costs requires an understanding of preventive approaches for chronic diseases and identifying their risk factors.
Chronic oral and systemic disease prevention should involve health promotion activities propagating healthy lifestyles and focus on limiting the initial onset of diseases. Prevention should concentrate on early detection in susceptible population, their timely management and dealing with related complications.
Habit cessation programs as well as lifestyle changes in diet and encorporating exercise schedule can prevent and delay many chronic diseases. Prevention strategies for the future should start early in a child's life. School preventive oral and systemic health programs should focus on unhealthy lifestyle factors, habits and behaviours and methods to tackle them. Special emphasis should be towards vaccinations and regular health screening and early diagnosis.
The healthcare systems in India are primarily working on treating disease and finding newer treatment protocols but lack direction at prevention of diseases.
A policy at prevention of chronic diseases has to be implemented at the government level. A skilled work force development at various levels-local, state, and national level should be integrated. Government funding into preventive programs should be enhanced. NGO's and voluntary partnering agencies should be encouraged and collaborative efforts along with government agencies should also be improved.
Research is the backbone for scientific advancement. Community based preventive research should be designed, applied and evaluated. The findings in these research programs should be translated and applied in identifying risk factors and designing health policies.
Every individual has a right to live a healthy life and in order to reach this vision, we as a country should collectively involve communities, various professional bodies and organizations, NGO's, Government, academic and research organizations towards the common goal 'Prevention of oral and systemic diseases'.
The Indian Society of Periodontology has always been in the forefront in furthering the cause of research and scientific activities. Recently Sameeksha, 2016 was conducted at Udaipur successfully with a mammoth participation of post graduate students. Various programs have been envisaged during this year with Integrate on lasers in February, 2016 at Pune involving international and national speakers in association with SOLA.
I congratulate our secretary Dr. Balaji Manohar for his untiring efforts in conducting and guiding through the various programs during my presidency.
I would also like to congratulate our editor of JISP Dr. Ashish Nichani in bringing our journal to a level which is praise worthy and globally recognized.
I thank all the office bearers and EC members with special thanks to our dynamic scientific Program convenor, Dr. M. M. Dayakar, and periodontal health care convenor, Dr. Siby T. Chennakara, for their valuable suggestions and inputs.
I thank all the members for their commitment and support in conducting ISP programs through this year.
| References|| |
Inequality - Adjusted Human Development Index for India's States 2011. United Nations Development Programme; 2011.
Shah N, Pandey RM. Oral Health in India: A Report of the Multi Centric Study. Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India & World Health Organization Collaborative Program; December, 2007.
Tonetti M, Kornman KS. Special issue: Periodontitis and systemic diseases - Proceedings of a workshop jointly held by the European Federation of Periodontology and American Academy of Periodontology. J Periodontol 2013;84.
Manjunath BC, Praveen K, Chandrashekar BR, Rani RM, Bhalla A. Periodontal infections: A risk factor for various systemic diseases. Natl Med J India 2011;24:214-9.
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