Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 244-248

Idiopathic gingival enlargement associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis in a 19-year-old female

Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Pad. Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Gupta
A 1101, Phase 4, Lake Homes, Powai, Mumbai 400 076, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.131344

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Gingival enlargement, one of the manifestations of gingival and periodontal disease, is also known as gingival overgrowth. Idiopathic gingival enlargement is a rare gingival overgrowth, which is of an undetermined cause. This unknown etiology has now been linked to specific genes and idiopathic gingival enlargement is at times referred to as hereditary gingival enlargement. This condition is a benign, slow growing proliferation of gingival tissues. Aggressive periodontitis is the rapid form of periodontal disease which is characterized by extensive periodontal tissue destruction, increased host-susceptibility toward periodontal disease progress and a genetic predilection toward disease occurrence. We present a rare case of idiopathic gingival fibromatosis associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis in a young female. The patient presented with classic clinical and radiographic presentation associated with gingival enlargement and aggressive periodontitis. The diagnosis was then confirmed by histopathological and neutrophil functions tests.

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