Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 569-576

Clinical and radiographic evaluation of human periodontal osseous defect (mandibular grade II furcation) treated with PepGen P‑15 and a bioresorbable membrane (Atrisorb)

1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research. Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 Department of Periodontics, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Himanshu Khashu
Department of Periodontics, S R College of Dental Sciences and Research. Kheri more, Village Bhopani, Faridabad, Haryana - 121 002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.106917

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Background: The various treatment modalities available to treat furcation involvement either maintain the existing furcation or increases access to furcation or leads to elimination of furcation (root resection, bicuspidization etc). Newer treatment modalities include regenerative procedures like placement of bone graft and organic or synthetic membranes. In this study we have evaluated the use of a new xenograft based tissue engineered bone material which provides both the inorganic and organic component; individually and in conjunction with a synthetic bioresorbable material. Materials and Methods: 6 patients with 18 mandibular grade 2 furcations were selected after the completion of initial phase in all the patients. Selected sites were divided into control and experimental groups randomly and were treated by split mouth design. The control sites were treated with flap debridement and placement of ABM graft, whereas the experimental site received flap debridement, ABM graft and a synthetic bioresorbable membrane. Results: All the parameters recorded showed significant reduction from baseline to 9 months in both the experimental and control group. When compared in between the control and experimental group, all the parameters showed marginally better results in the control group, although none of them were clinically significant. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the use of ABM along with a bioresorbable membrane and without membrane is both beneficial for the treatment of grade 2 furcation. On the cost benefit basis, the bone graft alone seems to be a better choice for regenerative treatment of furcation involvement.

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