Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 199-204

Where will the stem cells lead us? Prospects for dentistry in the 21 st century


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddy, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, SVS Institute of Dental Sciences, Appannapally, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of General Dental Practitioner, SRM Dental College, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, SRM Dental College, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S Durga Sreenivas
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddy - 502 294, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.85660

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It is dentists' dream to achieve bone repair with predictability, but without donor site morbidity as well as reconstruction of injured or pathologically damaged complex dental structures, however, this will no longer be a dream as these are being made into a reality using stem cell science. Stem cell science is clearly an intriguing and promising area of science. Stem cells have been isolated from a variety of embryonic and adult tissues. Dental stem cells are multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) brought new enthusiasm among the researchers because of their easy accessibility, high quality and they don't pose the same ethical concerns and controversy in comparison with embryonic stem cells. This review article provides brief insights about stem cell basics, the state of art in human dental stem cell research and its possible impact on future dentistry. Even though most of these modalities are still in infancy, it is evident that the 21 st century dentist is going to play a critical role in the field of medicine. The aim of this article is to bring awareness among the dentists about the huge potential associated with the use of stem cells in a clinical setting, as well as proper understanding of related problems.


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