Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

EDITORIAL
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 499--500

Swachh Muh, Swastha Deh….Swastha Bharat…. Swachh Bharat [Clean Mouth, Healthy Body….Healthy India… Clean India]


Ashish Kumar 
 Editor, Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, Professor, Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Kadrabad, Modinagar - 201 201, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashish Kumar
Editor, Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, Professor, Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Kadrabad, Modinagar - 201 201, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
India




How to cite this article:
Kumar A. Swachh Muh, Swastha Deh….Swastha Bharat…. Swachh Bharat [Clean Mouth, Healthy Body….Healthy India… Clean India].J Indian Soc Periodontol 2019;23:499-500


How to cite this URL:
Kumar A. Swachh Muh, Swastha Deh….Swastha Bharat…. Swachh Bharat [Clean Mouth, Healthy Body….Healthy India… Clean India]. J Indian Soc Periodontol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 12 ];23:499-500
Available from: http://www.jisponline.com/text.asp?2019/23/6/499/271835


Full Text



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Mouth is the gateway to body. Historical literature of medical science has numerous references implying that conditions affecting the mouth could have systemic consequences. In 1891, an American dentist W.D. Miller, working in Koch's laboratory, wrote an article titled “The human mouth as a focus of infection.”[1] ''Oral sepsis as a cause of disease''[2] was an article written by William Hunter in 1900 which introduced Oral sepsis into the medical literature. Frank Billings in 1911 introduced the theory of focal infection.[3]

Mouth, by default, is home to 1012 microorganisms at any point of time. Any negligence in maintaining oral hygiene can lead to many problems which may be local or systemic in nature. The plaque is considered a biofilm now and biofilm has its own issues and creates more complications. A historical concept “Oral sepsis” and its etiologic relationship to ailments such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, preterm low birth weight infants, which was neglected, is showing resurgence and is under focus of research to find exact relationship between oral infection and systemic health. The evidence linking the oral diseases especially periodontitis with systemic diseases is opening new arenas of research for aetiology as well as prevention and treatment of oral diseases and its effects on related systemic diseases.

Cleanliness and sanitation are an integral part of the Gandhian way of living. Mahatma Gandhi realized very early that cleanliness was most important for physical well-being and a healthy environment.

This dream of Mahatma Gandhi was given a fresh lease of life by Hon'ble Prime Minister of India through his speech from the Red Fort emphasising on “Swachh Bharat”. The program has been quite successfully implemented and a lot of population giving importance to “Swachh Bharat” (Clean India). Later on addition of “Swastha Bharat” (Healthy India) added program another significant dimension to this programme and led to a lot of attention towards this overlooked aspect in our society.

But my question is “Can a person who is not motivated and meticulous in maintaining self-hygiene be enthused towards “Healthy and Clean India?” A person who is not healthy himself, cannot be expected to contribute to the success of this ambitious project which should ultimately involve every Indian. A person not interested in oral and personal hygiene cannot be healthy. An unhealthy person will have his focus on himself and his own health rather than being an active participant and contributing positively to “Swachh Bharat” (Clean India).

A person first should be motivated and determined to maintain oral hygiene and personal hygiene on all fronts. This maintenance of oral and personal hygiene will lead to healthy body at individual level. Healthy individuals together build Swastha Bharat (Healthy India). A Swachh Bharat India can create Swachh India, i.e., Clean India.

I feel that we must first stress on the importance of oral and personal hygiene to create Swastha Bharat (Healthy India) and then putting the onus of creating Swachh Bharat (Clean India) on the shoulders of Swastha India.

We should also launch a national level program on these lines. Taking advantage of the awareness already created by the huge publicity by the government, we can ride on the shoulders of this program to drive home a point to fellow Indians that Swachh India will be only possible if we have Swastha Indians. And Swastha Indians are only possible if we can motivate our fellow countrymen to give importance to personal hygiene especially oral hygiene.

“Clean India” was a dream of the father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi and let us be active contributors in realizing this dream.

References

1Miller WD. The human mouth as a focus of infection. Dent Cosmos 1891;33:689-713.
2Hunter W. Oral Sepsis as a Cause of Disease. Br Med J 1900;2:215-6.
3Billings F. Chronic focal infections and their etiologic relations to arthritis and nephritis. Arch Intern Med 1912;9:484-98.