Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 161--166

Clinical and postextraction evaluation of periodontal disease indicators


Rajashri Kolte, Abhay Kolte, Pooja Wattamwar 
 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajashri Kolte
Department of Periodontics, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Digdoh Hills, Hingna Road, Nagpur - 440 017, Maharashtra
India

Background: Clinical attachment level is the most frequently used and acceptable parameter in monitoring periodontal status in diseased individual and denotes patterns of periodontal destruction. Awareness of root morphology and the condition of the periodontal tissues is essential for reliable periodontal pocket probing and for effective debridement of root surfaces. Clinically, it is challenging to observe exact nature of complex periodontal attachment loss. The aim of the present study was to evaluate patterns of periodontal destruction based on vertical and horizontal attachment loss. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 extracted teeth were obtained from chronic periodontitis patients. Prior to extraction, clinical measurements were recorded and after extraction, the teeth were stained with crystal violet. Root length, vertical and horizontal attachment loss were measured using digital caliper. Results: There was a significant difference between clinical attachment level and vertical attachment loss for both maxillary and mandibular teeth. Mean vertical attachment loss varied between 5.17 mm and 9.17 mm. Interproximal surfaces exhibited statistically significant vertical attachment loss in both maxillary and mandibular dentition. Results indicated that vertical attachment loss was more severe with teeth belonging to the anterior sextant whereas the horizontal attachment loss was more pronounced with posterior teeth. Conclusion: Both vertical and horizontal attachment loss were observed in all periodontally involved teeth. There was a difference in clinical measurements and actual periodontal status denoted by postextraction staining. These findings have an impact on determining the prognosis and appropriate treatment plan for patients.


How to cite this article:
Kolte R, Kolte A, Wattamwar P. Clinical and postextraction evaluation of periodontal disease indicators.J Indian Soc Periodontol 2016;20:161-166


How to cite this URL:
Kolte R, Kolte A, Wattamwar P. Clinical and postextraction evaluation of periodontal disease indicators. J Indian Soc Periodontol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Aug 14 ];20:161-166
Available from: http://www.jisponline.com/article.asp?issn=0972-124X;year=2016;volume=20;issue=2;spage=161;epage=166;aulast=Kolte;type=0