Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 311-315

Effects of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 compared to other biomaterials in the treatment of intrabony defects in periodontitis patients: A systematic review


Department of Periodontology, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Raghavendra Shrishail Medikeri
Department of Periodontology, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, S. No: 44/1, Vadgaon (Bk.), Off Sinhgad Road, Pune - 411 041, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_748_18

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Background: Bone morphogenetic proteins have a powerful osteoinductive capacity and have been used as a new adjunct to graft materials for bone regeneration. The objectives of this systematic review are to assess the amount of radiographic bone fill, clinical attachment level (CAL) gain, and reduction in pocket depth (PD) in patients with intrabony defects in periodontitis patients following the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). Materials and Methods: Electronic bibliographic databases search of Medline, Science Direct, and Google Scholar was made from January 1980 to December 2017. Studies using rhBMP-2 to treat periodontal intrabony defects of the maxillary or mandibular region with follow-up period of at least 6 months were searched. Two reviewers performed the systematic review using the PRISMA Statement for reporting and the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool was used for quality assessment. Results: It was found that rhBMP-2 showed statistically significant results with respect to radiographic defect resolution, CAL, and PD reduction at 9 months compared to open-flap debridement but showed statistically significant results only with respect to radiographic bone fill when compared with platelet-rich fibrin at 6 months. Conclusion: The rhBMP-2 may provide a promising alternative to traditional grafting procedures therapy that can enhance periodontal regeneration in patients having intrabony defects. Due to limited human studies, it can be concluded that no definitive evidence exists to ascertain the effectiveness of rhBMP-2 in the treatment of intrabony defects in periodontal diseases.


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