Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 275-280

Knowledge on smoking and periodontal disease: A cross-sectional survey among targeted respondents

Kangar Dental Health Clinic, Periodontic Unit, Perlis, Ministry of Health, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shanthi Muniandy
Unit Pakar Periodontik Kangar, Klinik Pergigian Kangar, Kangar, Perlis
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_479_18

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Background: The impact of smoking on oral health is directly related to the toxic tobacco fumes. The study aimed to investigate the awareness of the link between smoking and periodontal disease among the population seeking periodontal treatment. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire constructed in local Malay language consisting of 13 questions on sociodemographic details and 10 questions on the knowledge domain was distributed to eligible respondents while they were waiting for their consultation in the periodontal clinic waiting hall. There were 330 study participants aged 16 years old and above, who participated in this study from all 12 dental clinics in the state of Perlis, Malaysia. Data were entered into Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.0 for analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sociodemographic data, whereas association between potential factor and the knowledge of awareness was found using the Pearson Chi-square test of independence or a Fisher's exact test, depending on the eligibility criteria. Results: Our study showed that 4.5% (n = 15) of the respondents were not aware that smoking did add risk for oral cancer, 14.5% (n = 48) were not aware that smoking could cause gum disease. Smoking status was significantly associated with the awareness of smoking effect on gum disease (P = 0.002). The proportion of the active smokers being aware that smoking could potentially cause gum disease was considerably less as compared to the nonsmokers (62.7% vs. 83.3%). Conclusions: Continuous dental health campaigns and awareness program are crucial to instil awareness and health-seeking behavior as well as to enforce public's knowledge.

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