Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 192-194

Titanium particles in tissues from peri-implant mucositis: An exfoliative cytology-based pilot study

1 Department of Periodontics, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Pamidimarri Sai Divya Gayatri
Department of Periodontics, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda - 508 254, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_184_16

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Background: To evaluate the presence of titanium particles in the peri-implant mucosa of unloaded single implants. Materials and Methods: Forty participants with single unloaded implants were selected. They were divided equally into two groups: Group 1 with mild and Group 2 with moderate-to-severe peri-implant mucositis. Cytologic smears of peri-implant mucosa were obtained using cytobrush during second-stage surgery. Results: Study states that 60% of participants of Group 2 were positive for titanium particles in peri-implant cytology. Conclusion: This study concludes that the titanium particles might be the initiators of the inflammation around implant.

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