Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 189-194

Comparative evaluation of management of gingival recession using subepithelial connective tissue graft and collagen membrane by periodontal microsurgical technique: A clinical study of 40 cases

1 10 Corps Dental Unit, Bathinda, Punjab, India
2 Command Military Dental Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Military Dental Centre, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Col (Dr). Prasanth Thankkappan
Commanding Officer 10 Corps Dental Unit, C/O, 56 APO, 903 510
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.176394

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Background: New technologies, instruments, and surgical techniques are necessary to help the clinician ensure the best result and satisfy the patient's expectations, and surgical microscope has been thoroughly demonstrated as a useful tool. A clinical study was carried out to compare 2 different types of root coverage procedures using periodontal microsurgical procedure. Materials and Methods: Forty patients were selected and divided into Group A and Group B. Group A subjects were treated with subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) whereas Group B subjects were treated using a resorbable collagen membrane. The procedures were performed with the help of an operating microscope using 250 mm objective lens and ×6 magnification. Results: A comparison between baseline, 1, 3, and 12 months have been done between groups among all parameters. It has been noticed that the root coverage was better in Group A subjects at all time. At 12 months, Group A showed 81.42% coverage where in Group B it was 70.08%. Similarly, increase in the width of keratinized gingiva and attached gingiva were more in Group A. Conclusions: The present study showed that use of microsurgical instrument helped to deliver precise incision, better visual acuity, and improved illumination which facilitate to gain a better final outcome. Root coverage was better in the patients using CTG.

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