Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 424-428

A study to assess the periodontal status of 16-34-year-old obese individuals in Colleges of Bangalore City


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maharana Pratap College of Dentistry and Research Centre, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Oxford Dental College Hospital and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dharmashree Doddamane
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maharana Pratap College of Dentistry and Research Centre, Putalighar Road, Gwalior 474 006, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.157881

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Introduction: The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past decades. Age, genetic factors, activity level, body weight, eating habits, medications, and hereditary factors are some of the causes of obesity. It is a risk factor for several chronic health conditions, as well as being associated with increased mortality. Obesity has also been associated with oral diseases, particularly with periodontal disease. Objective: The objective was to assess the periodontal status of obese and nonobese young individuals in colleges of Bangalore city. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess the periodontal status of 16-34-year-old obese individuals in colleges of Bangalore City. The students and staff of preuniversity and Degree Colleges of Bangalore City aged below 35 years were considered in the study. Data regarding demographic factors, oral hygiene habits, and dental visits were collected through a questionnaire. Periodontal status was examined using community periodontal index (CPI). Subjects were examined for weight and height as well as periodontal status. Results: It was observed that pocket 4-5 mm (CPI Code 3) is significantly higher among obese when compared to nonobese with P < 0.001 and loss of attachment 4-5 mm (Loss of Attachment Code 1) is significantly higher in obese when compared to nonobese with P < 0.001. Conclusion: The results described earlier and related research indicate that obesity may have potential for periodontal disease among young and/or those lacking oral health care.


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