Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 95-97

An undiagnosed case of acute myeloid leukemia


Department of Periodontics, Mahatma Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Indira Nagar, Gorimedu, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Vineet Kashyap
Flat No - 443, Sangam Apartment, Pushpanjali, Pitampura, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.128257

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Leukemia is a neoplastic disease characterized by an excessive proliferation of immature white blood cells and their precursors. Oral lesions may be the presenting feature of acute leukemia, which can be rapidly fatal if left untreated. Although many cases of gingival enlargement in patients with acute myeloid leukemia's have been reported in the literature, cases diagnosed by the oral manifestations in India are very few. This report describes the case of a 43-year-old female who presented with gingival bleeding and gingival enlargement. Within a month she developed signs and symptoms of systemic disease such as, and splenomegaly, and upon further investigation, she was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia to which she succumbed within 10 days after diagnosis. The need for early diagnosis and referral of this fatal disease are also underline.


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