Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 29-33

Application of ultrasound in periodontics: Part I


1 Department of Periodontics, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow (UP)., India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Career PG Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Lucknow (UP), India

Correspondence Address:
Vivek K Bains
House no 1317, Sector 16, Indiranagar, Lucknow-226016
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.44087

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Ultrasonic is a branch of acoustics concerned with sound vibrations in frequency ranges above audible level. Ultrasound uses the transmission and reflection of acoustic energy. A pulse is propagated and its reflection is received, both by the transducer. For clinical purposes ultrasound is generated by transducers, which converts electrical energy into ultrasonic waves. This is usually achieved by magnetostriction or piezoelectricity. Primary effects of ultrasound are thermal, mechanical (cavitation and microstreaming), and chemical (sonochemicals). Knowledge of the basic and other secondary effects of ultrasound is essential for the development of techniques of application.


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